In this article we will talk about the symptoms, causes and treatment options for chronic rhinitis.
Symptoms of chronic rhinitis
The symptoms of chronic rhinitis can vary from person to person and can include sneezing, itchy nose, nasal congestion, loss of smell, runny nose and headaches.
These symptoms can be mild to moderate or severe and can affect a person's quality of life.
Causes of chronic rhinitis
There can be many causes of chronic rhinitis. Allergies are one of the most common causes of chronic rhinitis. Seasonal and perennial allergies, which are caused by allergens such as pollen, dust mites, animal dander, moulds and fungi, can cause chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
Other factors can also cause chronic rhinitis, such as viral infections, air pollutants, smoking, chemical irritants, hormonal changes, taking certain medications and having nasal polyps.
Treatment options for chronic rhinitis
Treatment for chronic rhinitis will depend on the underlying cause of the disease. If allergies are the cause, antihistamines, decongestants and corticosteroids can be used to relieve symptoms and reduce inflammation. In some cases, allergen desensitisation may be recommended.
If viral infection is the cause of chronic rhinitis, antibiotics may be prescribed. However, antibiotics are only effective against bacterial infections and should not be used to treat viral infections.
Lifestyle changes can also help reduce the symptoms of chronic rhinitis. Avoiding allergens, such as pollen, by staying indoors during peak pollen season, using air purifiers, avoiding irritants such as cigarette smoke and cleaning surfaces regularly can help reduce symptoms.
In addition, surgical interventions may be necessary for the most severe cases of chronic rhinitis, such as removal of nasal polyps or septoplasty to correct the deviated septum.
Chronic rhinitis can be a chronic and disabling condition that can affect a person's quality of life. Symptoms can vary and there can be multiple causes. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the condition, but there are many treatment options available. Talk to your doctor.
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